Wednesday, 30 December 2015
2015: My Year in the Vegetable Garden
This is an opportunity to share my thoughts on some new experiences that I had this year growing vegetables; which worked, which didn't. Looking back on my 2014 "year in the garden" review, I had a mix of failures and successes and similarly so this year - all part of experimenting and trying new things in the organic vegetable garden!
The most exciting experiment has been the new greenhouse. But 2015 was only my first season with it and I wasn't prepared for spring planting inside (I had failed to fill the bed with dirt before the winter). It certainly helped to extend the season a little bit at the back end, but I think I'll hold off on sharing my thoughts for another year. Here are some other things I did in 2015:
Tracking and Weighing Harvest. Verdict: Partial Success
As you can see from the main picture, I used an excel spreadsheet to track the weight of all harvests. This is a fantastic way to track harvests and compare year to year and I am glad that I have started to do this. But I think yield-per-plant or yield-per-foot would be a much better measurement to determine what plants are performing well or not. Yield per plant might be easy as I just need to pop the # of plants that I'm growing of each variety into a column in the spreadsheet, but I'll see how things go in the new season. Just having the weight doesn't really help without knowing how many plants I had of each. And I lost a few weeks of data when my computer hard drive crashed and I hadn't backed up for a couple of weeks plus I forgot to weigh many of the small harvests later in the year.
I'll probably break down some of the categories in separate posts, but you can see that I ended up with 186 pounds of food with 30% coming from cucurbits in the month of August (mainly a few cukes but mostly summer and winter squash). It's silly to have peas in their own row as I get so few and I tend not to weigh most herbs when I use them throughout the week. So I'll look at rearranging the categories but I have all of the detail at the individual variety level which is really great to have.
Wordless Wednesday. Verdict: Thumbs down
I might still do this now and then but it was meant to be a chance to show off various plants or fun things around the yard without having to actually write a post. Turns out I didn't take very many pics in between regular posts so just didn't have any to show off. Ah well ...
Garden Planning. Verdict: So-so
I eventually made some fairly elaborate plans for the 2015 garden but I'm not sure it helped me much. When the time came, I still threw seeds in here and there wherever they fit. So long as I track my bigger crops that require rotation to avoid disease / insect infestations (e.g. move potatoes around to avoid Colorado potato beetle), I think I'll go back to my loosey-goosey method of figuring things out.
New Vegetables. Verdict: Awesome
Aside from different varieties of the usual (pumpkin, tomato, etc.), the main new items in my garden for 2015 were escarole and kohlrabi, both of which I loved! The escarole grew like crazy and I probably gave more away than I ate. The kohlrabi did not grow as well as I would have liked but I really enjoyed having it fresh from the garden so I'll look into my methods and will try again in 2016. I also loved the Jimmy Nardello peppers so will order a specific seed packet to have more of those.
Testing the "Planting When Soil Can Be Worked" Concept. Verdict: Success
I started a number of greens (kale, arugula, lettuce) and radish in April as opposed to other years when I had not started anything until the usual outdoor planting time in early June. So it was great to get a head start on some greens and was actually harvesting in May, at least 6 weeks earlier than I normally would! But I got a bit excited by the warm weather and planted many cucurbits in the ground just before a late frost in May so this is a reminder to myself to leave the warm weather plants for June.
Pest Management. Verdict: Depressing
I had a really tough time this past year with pests. First I struggled with my first ever infestation of the leek moth which destroyed a lot of my garlic - by the time they were discovered, the only solution was to handpick them off. I was able to save about half of the garlic crop. Row covers would be needed for the entire year until harvest but that means taking them off and putting them back on every day for watering, etc. I've already got garlic planted for next year, so will have to figure out my plans by March or April.
Then there were the cucumber beetles and squash bugs, both of which took a serious toll on my cucurbits. The neem oil treatments are probably the best solution but I started too late. I am going to move any cucurbits I grow far away from my main garden area as the squash bugs will have overwintered nearby (I've already killed several in the house) and I'll simply grow less winter squash to make sure I can fully manage the pests next year (assuming I might have to handpick them). And for summer squash, I'll grow tromboncino as the plant is supposed to be a vigorous grower - once a plant is hardy enough, the bugs can't do as much damage.
Overall, I had my usual fun in the garden and I'm already planning the crops for next year!
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I've found that keeping records of my harvests has been one of the most useful things for planning. I also started keeping track of when I sowed seeds, when I planted things out, how many plants I started or set out for most veggies. I don't have that incorporated into my massive harvest spreadsheet, but at least I can go back and see how much was produced by X number of plants. I did make a spreadsheet for sowing, planting, and harvest dates, but didn't keep up with it since it was just too much work. I don't record my harvests directly into my spreadsheet but keep monthly notes where I make note of the daily harvests and then incorporate that into my spreadsheet when it convenient. I keep the notes as backup in case I mess up the spreadsheet and I can also make extra notes about the harvests that there isn't room for in the spreadsheet.ReplyDelete
The Tromboncino squash is very tough and vigorous once it gets going. I just removed my plants from the garden yesterday. One of them was a bit weak to begin with and had died already, the other one still had a lot of life left in it in spite of being subjected to a number of frosty nights. Most of the leaves were zinged but the tough stems were still very much alive.
It sounds like you had a good year overall, congratulations! I'm sure next year will be even better.
I also tried to note dates of germination, seeding, etc. but ... whew ... it's a lot of work! You still had squash until just yesterday? Wow!Delete
Happy New Year Susie! Wow - your cucumbers sure went crazy this year! Mine suffered the same fate as a lot of the garden & produced a lot less this year.ReplyDelete
Isn't it fun to try new vegetables? Each year I've added a few and have rarely been disappointed. And you are so right with the pests - depressing is the word.
Looks like you had a good year, all things considered. Weather, disease, and pests vary so much year to year that all you can do is keep trying. I don't keep weight records because I don't need them to know whether I think a crop was successful. I do keep a planting list, a map of the raised beds, and a spreadsheet for planning and recording seeding/planting times (here: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1FPXanIGev4ldI_XyFqkQp6kby5jMT_n5tBiBeaN00Jw/edit?usp=sharing). I find those essential to planning the garden, although I don't always follow through.ReplyDelete
Thanks for the link to your spreadsheet, that seems like a good simple way to track plants (# of squares or # of plants) - also fun to see your full list of varieties! :)Delete
I think your last line sums it up nicely - you had fun and you're planning for 2016! When it stops being fun for me I will stop gardening, for sure. It took me several years to figure out how to best use my greenhouse, and I'm still tweaking it all the time. I use it to raise seedlings, and grow cool season crops plus a few things like cucumbers. Next year I'm going to try some container tomatoes to get a jump on the season, then move them outside when it's warm enough. And Tromboncino is coming back to my garden this year. It's always been a real performer for me here. Happy New Year and I hope your 2016 garden is the best ever!ReplyDelete